Organic Molecule Structure
The name "3-bromo-2-chloro-5-ethyl-4,4-dimethyloctane" describes a complex organic molecule. Let's break down the name and understand its structure step by step.
Octane: The base structure is an octane, which is an eight-carbon hydrocarbon chain.
4,4-dimethyl: There are two methyl groups (CH3) attached to the fourth carbon atom in the chain.
5-ethyl: There is an ethyl group (CH3CH2) attached to the fifth carbon atom in the chain.
2-chloro: There is a chlorine atom (Cl) attached to the second carbon atom in the chain.
3-bromo: There is a bromine atom (Br) attached to the third carbon atom in the chain.
Putting all this information together, we can draw the structural formula for the molecule:
H H | | H3C-C-C-C-Br | | H2C-C-C-Cl | | H3C H
This represents the 3-bromo-2-chloro-5-ethyl-4,4-dimethyloctane molecule, where the vertical lines represent carbon-carbon bonds, and the horizontal lines represent carbon-hydrogen bonds. The chlorine (Cl) and bromine (Br) atoms are attached to specific carbon atoms, and the methyl (CH3) and ethyl (CH3CH2) groups are also appropriately placed.